Makhalla in representing high spiritual and moral values
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Studying and improving the social and spiritual environment in families, makhallas, educational institutions and labor collectives are considered as one of the main priorities at the stages of large-scale reforms carried out in the country.
Organizational and legal measures have been taken as a follow up step. For example, the position of a deputy chairman of citizens’ assembly – an advisor on social, spiritual and enlightenment issues was introduced on a voluntary basis.
“Enlightenment against ignorance” month which is aimed at further improving the social and spiritual environment in general education schools, strengthening the ideological immunity of students is organized and conducted in Uzbekistan.
Within the month, conferences, workshops, roundtable discussions, legal outreach evenings are conducted with participation of representatives of law enforcement agencies, makhalla activists, elderly respected to explain the norms of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, prevention of corruption and human trafficking, human rights and promote healthy lifestyle.
Special attention is paid to raising legal awareness and legal culture in the community. It is organized on a systematic basis, in accordance with “personality – family – makhalla – educational institution – organization – society” principle.
Legal Information Day project, which operates on a systematic basis, was introduced in makhallas to increase the legal-awareness of citizens.
These actions are aimed to promote the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan among the population in makhallas, educational institutions and enterprises.
“Firm adherence to the requirements of the Constitution and laws should become the main criterion of the level of our spirituality and culture” roundtables including the republican essay competition “The spiritual and cultural level of a person is manifested in strict observance of laws” are held.
Activities on ensuring religious tolerance and interethnic harmony under the slogan “For the sake of good intentions in a single family” are organized in the communities.
“Makhalla” TV channel operates as a general information partner on the issues of coverage of citizens’ assemblies’ activities.
The National Association of Electronic Media of Uzbekistan, the International Press Club, Uzbekistan National News Agency and the mass media joined forced to organize talk shows, produce videos and special programs, publish articles and speeches aimed at preserving peace and well-being, kindness and mutual understanding, national customs and values, participation of makhallas in strengthening families and socio-spiritual processes, solving problems in makhallas.
In the context of the regions, maps of the social and spiritual climate are created on the basis of the principle of “makhalla – district – region – republic”; modern information and communication technologies are widely introduced into this process.
The position of a specialist working with women and strengthening spiritual and moral values in families was introduced in all citizens’ assemblies.
The Women’s Committee, the “Oila” (Family) Scientific and Practical Center, makhalla and internal affairs agencies maintain close cooperation; ensure discussions with each woman and provide necessary assistance in identifying problems.
Nowadays, makhalla deals with the issues of educating girls in the spirit of national and universal values, creating conditions in acquiring modern knowledge and professions; prepares them for family life. Such activities as “Young ladies”, “Girl and young family”, “On the threshold of independent life”, “Skillful girls” and others aimed at giving a glance of real life and motivating their aspirations are created in all educational institutions and makhallas.
The role of modern libraries in makhallas is growing. Especially the electronic database which is connected to the storage of the National Library of Uzbekistan named after Alisher Navoi. That serves as an enlightenment hub for the public, youth specifically. Makhalla has become the place of entertainment and leisure for local children and young people; soccer fields with artificial turf and gyms were also built.
Civil society institutions now form a list of gifted children, engage them with hobby groups at general education schools, sports competitions and Olympiads.
According to “Obod makhalla” (Prosperous neighborhood) program, construction of makhalla centers with offices for the chairman of the makhalla, his advisors, secretary, preventive IAB inspector, lounges for senior citizens, a library, a conference room, a playground, a sports complex, installation of fountains, benches, street equipment lighting actively continue. In general, the programs “Obod qishloq” (Prosperous village) and “Obod makhalla” (Prosperous neighborhood) bring the spirit of renewal and creation even to the most remote areas of the country. People’s worldview is changing; the life in the countryside is flourishing.
Spiritual and enlightenment activities, including “Family is the scared hearth” are in the list individual priorities of makhallas for unorganized youth.
Makhalla chairpersons maintain explanatory works on the mode of weddings, family events and ceremonies based on the principles of eliminating the extra outlay.
Adopted concept of continuous spiritual education implies the mechanisms for establishing effective cooperation between the family, educational institutions, makhallas, the mass media and other public structures in formation of spiritual education.
Tasks and composition of the Republican Council for Spirituality and Enlightenment were revised to align it with the requirements of contemporary life. Besides, the Program of measures is approved to further improve the effectiveness of spiritual and enlightenment work, development of intellectual potential and outlook, strengthening the ideological immunity of the population in the Republic of Uzbekistan. A prominent place in the Program is given to the activities of makhalla.
All of the activities that are being carried out to ensure the stable social and spiritual environment in makhallas, increase the effectiveness of organizational and practical measures in the field of enlightenment, and the ongoing cultural and enlightenment work to protect young people from various odd ideas.
Makhalla within the new system of private entrepreneurship development
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev initiated the extension of the best employment practices in development and approval of roadmaps for the implementation of new employment systems in makhallas for the population, especially for youth and women by providing civil society institutions the access to the National base of vacancies, including on the introduction of new vacancies into the database and the issuance of employment referrals across the country.
Notably, the president strengthens the power of “makhallas” as local civil society institutions – a driving force in the development of economy and increasing the effectiveness of economic policy.
The head of state highlights the necessity of studying the aspirations and demands of each family, helping to solve problems, creating jobs by visiting families at homes.
Makhalla as a unique institute revived in the years of independence has actively been participating in the development of private entrepreneurship, family business and craftsmanship. Relevant legal mechanisms were created. Those are facilitated by the commissions at citizens’ assemblies, advisory centers for the promotion of business development.
A system of visiting families at homes is being developed to clarify the need for concessional loans. State governing bodies, people’s receptions at places chairman of makhallas, representatives of the Women’s Committee, the Youth Union and Trade Unions are working in close collaboration.
In necessary cases, women entrepreneurs who possess a newly established business are provided with vacant buildings in makhallas. Each makhalla has a list of women who want to get a consumer loan with a minimum interest rate.
Shops selling seeds, seedlings, mineral fertilizers, and objects of agriculture are organized in guzars of makhallas. On the other hand, the leaders of the national reception offices, along with the chairman of makhallas visit homes and help the population. Funds from the reserve budget of local budgets are allocated to low-income, socially vulnerable families for the delivery of seeds of vegetables that are on demand in the market: fruit trees and grape cuttings. It particularly pleases that the culture of using personal plots is increasing.
Nowadays, makhalla is directly involved in the development of projects of socio-economic programs at the places and establishment of systemic cooperation in ensuring their implementation.
Family Business Centers established with participation of Makhalla Public Charitable Foundation, the Women’s Committee of Uzbekistan, “Tadbirkor Ayol” Association of Business Women of Uzbekistan and Centers of Women’s Business of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Uzbekistan.
Position of a deputy chairman of the citizens’ assembly – advisor on promoting entrepreneurship, owners of homestead lands and improvement affairs was introduced on a voluntary basis in order to improve the activities of public commissions at citizens’ assemblies.
Job fairs are organized in urban centers and makhallas to ensure the employment of youth facing job difficulties after graduating from educational institutions.
In this regard, small industrial zones are organized in a number of makhallas to stimulate the growth of territories. Besides, makhallas turn into high-tech towns-territories.
Another significant innovation: entrepreneurship in the country is developing based on “one makhalla – one type of product” principle. Taking into account the peculiarities of each region, practical measures are taken for the specialization of each makhalla in fruit-growing, greenhouse farming, animal husbandry, poultry farming, beekeeping, rabbit breeding, turkey breeding and other areas.
Many people have intensions to establish their own businesses. Not everyone, however, are informed about the ways of delivering the necessary equipment. Exhibitions of mini-technologies are held to provide assistance in gaining the necessary knowledge.
Fergana’s experience in creating clusters is popularized and widely implemented in makhalla plans in establishing the enterprises for 300-400 workplaces, and in the adjacent territory of 1-2 hectares – outbuildings for the cluster.
Creating mini-clusters means securing entrepreneurs who have a set of business skills and achieved positive results in this industry; the families who took steps towards engaging in new entrepreneurial activities in makhallas, taking into account the specialization of rural areas and makhallas (handicrafts, sewing, growing some types of agricultural products, organization of compact greenhouses and others).
An emphasis is paid to supporting entrepreneurs’ initiatives on the organization of computer centers, in which tests, quizzes, development strategies and other useful programs are used. Those serve to expand the knowledge and horizons of the youth.
The plans include the construction of residential complexes in line with “tourist makhalla” project standards (in traditional architecture) for dehkans and farmers who have the intention and ability to receive tourists within the framework of rural and ethnographic tours (traditional life, crafts, cooking, etc.).
The assistance of law enforcement agencies to development of entrepreneurship in a fixed territory, when the provision of employment for the population, especially young people is considered as a vital factor in improving the crime related situation in the makhalla.
From now on, the socio-economic state of makhallas’ territories in the country is estimated based on the state of social infrastructure and its environment; the economic situation and the state of social facilities in the following categories: “exemplary”, “good” and “unsatisfactory”.
The Year of “Active Investments and Social Development” according to the State Program welcomes the shift from the traditional mechanism of cooperation between the state governing bodies and citizens’ assemblies to the triple mechanism, with the addition of business entities.
The development of entrepreneurship in makhallas occurs in consistent and systematic stages within the framework of implementation of the programs “Obod qishloq” (Prosperous village), “Obod makhalla” (Prosperous neighborhood), “Each family entrepreneur”, “Yoshlar – kelajagimiz” (Youth is our future).
The country continues to hold various events in order to widely study foreign experience and popularize domestic one, conduct negotiations with the representatives of international organizations on the joint projects as well as to establish cooperation between representatives of the state governing bodies, business circles and the population.
The positive results are echoed in the development of entrepreneurship and improvement of the business environment, expansion of the scale of family business, effective use of homestead plots, and ensuring employment of the population in makhallas.
Makhalla residents are aware that labor is at the heart of wealth and well-being. That is why the harmony warms the families of makhallas, ultimately making it a better place to live.
Makhalla in the new system of ensuring citizens’ peace
The new effective system that was introduced in Uzbekistan aimed at protecting public order, prevent and fight against the crime has evolved to be a reliable guard in protecting the rights and freedoms of citizens. These practices are built in close collaboration of law enforcement agencies, the population of Uzbeksitan and citizens’ assemblies.
The protection of the rights of citizens represents the level of legal conciousness in the community. Rights are not violated if citizens are aware about the order. On-site trials and meetings are held in makhallas to prevent crimes committed out of ignorance and inform about laws.
Meetings of chairman in criminal, civil and administrative cases, representatives of the Women’s Committee, Youth Union of Uzbekistan, Nuroniy Foundation and the Republican Council for Coordinating the Activities of Civil Society Institutions with residents and public activists are organized and held everywhere. Those are aimed at ensuring transparency of the court activities, familiarizing the population with reforms in the judicial sphere, and increasing the legal literacy of citizens.
The Academy of the Prosecutor General’s Office launched the Center for Analysis and Study of the Causes of Crimes. Activities on the introduction of electronic geographic information maps for analyzing the number and types of crimes in the context of makhallas have already began.
The head of state entrusts internal affairs officers in transforming makhallas to a crime free spaces. This is a prerequisite for the peaceful life of people and fruitful work.
The system of internal affairs undergo reforms. 60% of the system’s employees worked in city and district departments and 40% at places before the reform. Currently, 65% of employees are serving in close contact with the population in makhallas. More than 80 legislative acts were adopted to improve the sphere.
The necessary conditions are created at the levels of internal affairs to ensure the effective work of all officers on a duty, including inspectors for investigation, crime prevention, criminal investigation, working with minors, an employee for registration of entry and exit visas and citizenship and makhalla inspector for prevention.
Crime prevention activities are carried out among women in each makhalla. An emphasis is also paid to the promotion of social integration and solution of social problems of women released from penitentiary institutions.
As a result of the new course in ensuring the citizens’ peace, in 2018 not a single crime was committed among 2301 makhallas (25.5%) of more than 9 thousand. It should be noted that the joint efforts of women’s committees, community activists and prevention inspectors in 2018 led to the decrease of crimes committed by women by 34% .
A 24-hour video surveillance system for the assigned territory was introduced in operational duty units. Groups of internal migration and registration of citizenship in the internal affairs bodies provide prompt and high-quality services to residents of communities. Citizens also receive the information on the procedures of filling out documents: passport and visa, internal and external migration related document; biometric passports are issued via digital line.
According to the Global Law and Order World Organization, Uzbekistan ranked fifth the safest country in the world following Singapore, Norway, Iceland and Finland.
The Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On additional measures for increasing the efficiency of ensuring public security”, December 24, 2018, determined the next stage of activity in the fight against crime. The document introduced the position of Assistant Inspector on Prevention to protect public order.
Assistant inspectors for the protection of public order who have made a worthy contribution to crime prevention and crime control are granted the right to receive a quota for the vocational training department of higher education institutions of the internal affairs bodies, which is also the result of attention paid to the sphere.
Comprehensive support is rendered to families with a high probability of committing offenses from the civil society institutions. In order to ensure stable moral and spiritual situation in makhallas, conversations are held with participation of representatives of responsible departments and activists; urgent problems of the population are solved.
As a result of introduction of the new system for eliminating crime in the first quarter of 2019, the crime compared to the same period last year in 7 thousand 38 (78%) out of more than 9 thousand makhallas was not committed.
During this period, as a result of eliminating the conflicts in more than 5 thousand families, prevention inspectors presented 8 thousand 285 documents to the reconciliation commissions operating in makhallas.
Conversations and meetings devoted to the study of traffic rules and prevention of road accidents continue to be held.
The “Olders’ Instructions” groups are organized and functioning to use the wisdom of elderly people and retired ones out of former law enforcement officers in maintaining the stability of socio-spiritual atmosphere in makhallas.
These positive results are primarily intertwined with the public participation. It would have been difficult to imagine the reduction of crimes in makhallas, stabilization of criminal situation without the help provided by the citizens. As noted by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, it is too early, however, to indulge in carelessness. It is necessary to further intensify the interaction between the authorities and administrations in all levels, makhallas, youth, women and the elder generation, educational institutions, the general public. There lies the key to success in ensuring prosperity of the population.
In the recent years large-scale activities on improving the civil society institutions, further strengthening the role and effectiveness of citizens’ assemblies in our lives have been carried out in the country.
The recent elections of the chairman (aksakal) of the citizens’ assembly reinforced the accuracy of the President Shavkat Mirziyoyev’s course on the democratization of all aspects of public life.
The elections were held on the basis of the newly revised version of “On the election of the chairman (aksakal) of citizens’ assembly” law adopted in 2018. This experiece is crucial for building a democratic state of law and a just civil society.
Minister of Internal Affairs: «A new crime prevention system has been introduced». April 30, 2019 // Website of Uzbekistan National News Agency (UzA) - www.uza.uz.
Makhalla’s role in strengthening the family institution
At the present stage of large-scale reforms conducted under the leadership of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, activities on the study and rehabilitation of the social and spiritual climate in the family, makhallas, educational institutions and labor collectives were identified among priority areas. Makhalla takes an active part in strengthening families and socio-spiritual processes.
Organizational and legal conditions have been created for this purpose. For instance, the position of a specialist for working with women and strengthening spiritual and moral values in families was introduced in all citizens’ assemblies of makhallas.
Family Business Support Centers were established and are operating throughout the country to organize the execution and coordination of measures for the widespread involvement of the population in entrepreneurship, with participation of the Makhalla Public Charity Foundation.
Last year, an inventory of vacant buildings in makhallas was successfully carried out; proposals were developed for their targeted use by families residing in the territory of makhallas for development of family and private entrepreneurship.
Creation of profitable mini-clusters, consolidation of entrepreneurs with business skills who achieved positive results in this industry for families who have begun to engage in new entrepreneurial activities in makhallas, taking into account the specialization of rural areas and makhallas (handicraft, clothing manufacturing, the cultivation of certain types of agricultural products, the organization of compact greenhouses and others) is a distinctive feature of the contemporary lifestyle in Uzbekistan.
Strengthening families and engagement of makhallas in this process are among the priorities of the adopted large-scale government programs. For instance, in accordance with the state program “Obod makhala” (Prosperous neighborhood), construction, reconstruction and overhaul of kindergartens are being carried out, private kindergartens are being built, and buildings of family polyclinics are being commissioned.
And as a result, comfortable apartment buildings, with family policlinics and non-state preschool institutions are renovated in makhallas.
New multi-storey buildings are built on the territory of makhallas. Those bring joy to families of military officers and nurture citizens’ assemblies created on the territory of military camps.
The Government adopted and implementing the Regulation on financing the construction and reconstruction as well as sale of apartments in a multi-storey building for young families, residents of dilapidated houses and other categories of citizens in need of better housing conditions.
The country is now actively and successfully practicing conduct of visits to homes, studying the aspirations and requests of each family, helping to solve problems, attracting entrepreneurs and creating additional jobs, employing the population, especially young people and women.
The chairmen of makhallas, together with the leaders of the people’s reception offices, visit homes in order to provide the necessary targeted, specific assistance. Funds from the reserve fund of local budgets are allocated for the delivery of on demand seeds of vegetables , fruit trees and grape cuttings to low-income, socially vulnerable families.
Responsible employees of the state governing bodies and civil society institutions provide persons with disabilities, elderly people and those unable to work withseeds and saplings, and practical assistance in agrotechnical measures.
Civil society institutions are now forming lists of gifted children from low-income families, attracting them to hobby groups at general education schools, sports competitions and Olimpiads.
The Regulations on the procedure for the appointment and payment of one-time financial assistance to needy families in the Aral Sea area, environmental disaster – in the Republic of Karakalpakstan and the Khorezm region are adopted and implemented. At the same time, families in need that received one-time financial assistance may re-apply a year following the payment of one-time financial assistance.
The family is a social unit that teaches the respect for the law. Special attention is paid to raising legal awareness in the community. It is organized on a systematic basis, in accordance with “personality – family – makhalla – educational institution – organization – society” principle.
The Republican Council for Spirituality and Enlightenment participates in activities to study and improve the social and spiritual climate in the family and makhallas. It also coordinates the activity.
The Concept of continuous spiritual education, adopted by the initiative of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev includes mechanisms for establishing effective cooperation between the family, educational institutions, the makhalla, the mass media and other public structures in formation of spiritual education.
Families with high probability of committing crimes are studied in participation of civil society institutions, Discussions are held with the assistance of representatives of law enforcement agencies to provide them with a stable moral and spiritual situation in the makhallas.
Prevention inspectors submit relevant documents for discussion to the reconciliation commissions operating in makhallas. As a result, most of them eliminate family conflicts.
Effective interaction of civil society institutions with the Women’s Committee of Uzbekistan, the Oila (Family) Center, women’s non-governmental non-profit organizations is provided; a new system of their joint participation in improving the social and spiritual environment in families and makhallas is being formed.
Talented, active and enterprising women, as well as laureates of “Zulfiya” State Prize are actively involved in explanatory work on strengthening the social and spiritual environment in families and makhallas.
Makhalla Charitable Public Foundation is among the initiators of creation of the Republican Center for Rehabilitation and Adaptation of Victims of Violence and Prevention of Suicides.
Makhalla is involved in prevention of early marriages and negative cases as a result of family conflicts. It also takes concrete measures against persons entering into a “Sharia” marriage without an official divorce and imams allowing such marriages.
Civil society institutions pay special attention to preparing young people for family life in educational institutions, increasing the responsibility and effectiveness of the work of psychologists located in the territory of makhallas of educational institutions, and enhancing work with children from dysfunctional families.
Based on their life experience, chairman of the makhallas provide recommendations for holding economical weddings, family events and ceremonies .
The activities of the “Parent universities” are increasing in makhallas, the system of cooperation between the school, makhallas and families is being strengthened.
Implementation of the “Information khashar” (khashar tr. – voluntary public mutual assistance) project aimed at strengthening the ideological immunity of the population, especially young people with ideological immunity from inaccurate information on the Internet, holding “Family – the sacred hearth” events in makhallas for unorganized youth has started.
The head of state approved the proposal of the Makhalla Public Charitable Foundation on the annual broad celebration of the International Day of Families established by the General Assembly of the United Nations throughout the country. On this day, cultural and educational events, scientific conferences, meetings with representatives of exemplary families, competitions and sports contests between families in educational institutions, makhallas, organizations and enterprises are held throughout the country.
Uzbek families are formed on the basis of traditions, while makhallas approach the mission of strengthening families with great responsibility. Makhalla today is becoming even closer to the social structure of the people, helping to ensure family cohesion, raising a healthy and harmoniously developed generation, solving the problems of the population.