UZBEKISTAN-CHINA: COMMITMENT TO FURTHER DEEPENING STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP
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On May 18–19, 2023, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan will pay a state visit to the People’s Republic of China.
As part of the visit, the head of our state will also take part in the first China-Central Asia summit, which will be held in the city of Xi’an.
In describing Uzbek-Chinese relations, it should be noted that the countries, having crossed the line of 30 years of cooperation, are now entering a new era of friendship and partnership.
The two countries have common positions and approaches on topical issues on the international agenda, such as ensuring global security and development. China and Uzbekistan support and participate in the implementation of initiatives and projects initiated by other parties in the international arena. Uzbekistan takes an active part in the High-Level Forum on International Cooperation within the framework of "One Belt, One Road", the third China International Exhibition of Imported Goods, the High-Level Dialogue on Global Development in the "BRICS Plus" format, and others.
Uzbekistan firmly supports the "one China" policy and actively cooperates with China in the fight against the "three evils." China fully supports the independent path of development in Uzbekistan and the large-scale reforms that are being carried out in the country under the leadership of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
With the participation of leading Chinese companies in Uzbekistan, high-tech projects are being implemented in the fields of industry, the chemical industry, energy, information and communication technologies, and other priority areas. There is great potential for Uzbek-Chinese cooperation in new sectors of the economy and innovative industries such as the green economy, artificial intelligence, digitalization, and e-commerce.
Chinese companies are leading investors in the economy of Uzbekistan. The annual growth of Chinese investments in Uzbekistan is characterized by high dynamism.
Over the past three years, China has maintained its position as the first trading partner of Uzbekistan. By the end of 2022, the volume of bilateral trade would have reached almost $9 billion.
During the visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to Samarkand in 2022, a package of documents worth $15 billion was signed.
At the Samarkand SCO summit between China, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan, a trilateral agreement was signed on the China-Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan railway construction project, which provides for practical implementation measures.
The launch of the railway line is expected to not only significantly reduce the distance and time of transportation from China to the countries of southern Europe but also provide more opportunities for developing regional ties, expanding international trade, attracting investment, and giving new momentum to the implementation of the One Belt, One Road initiative.
Uzbekistan and China are ancient oriental civilizations with a long history of friendship and culture, which serves as an important basis for the active development of humanitarian exchanges between the two countries. As the closest neighbor and all-round strategic partner of Uzbekistan, China supports the development processes in the republic. Deepening Uzbek-Chinese relations not only meets the long-term interests of both countries but also contributes to the overall development and prosperity of the region.
Trusting and sincere relations between the leaders of the two countries serve as a guarantee for the comprehensive and fruitful development of cooperation. President Shavkat Mirziyoyev and Chinese President Xi Jinping are firm advocates of reform and opening up, put the interests of the people at the center, and focus on improving the quality of life of the people.
The leaders of the two states pay great attention to the development of good neighborly relations, adhere to an independent foreign policy course dictated by national interests, and uphold the priority of international law and justice. This laid the foundation for a close relationship between the two leaders.
At the invitation of President Xi Jinping, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev attended the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympic Games in Beijing in February 2022 and delivered a video message at the High-Level Global Development Dialogue in the BRICS Plus format.
Uzbekistan and China, which stood at the origins of the creation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, have always provided mutual support in the implementation of initiatives and proposals put forward by each other. Last September, President Xi Jinping paid a state visit to Uzbekistan and attended the SCO summit in Samarkand.
The current state visit of the head of state to China also testifies to the high level of bilateral relations and our commitment to further deepening the strategic partnership.
In a word, the bonds of friendship between the Uzbek and Chinese peoples, which have deep historical roots, are a solid foundation for further strengthening good neighborliness as well as expanding multifaceted cooperation, including on a regional basis.
The continuation of the Uzbek-Chinese mutually beneficial strategic dialogue is intended to be a new format of cooperation; the first multilateral meeting "China-Central Asia" will be held in the city of Xi’an.
In January 2022, an online summit of the heads of state was held in this format, dedicated to the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations, in which the President of Uzbekistan took part.
It is worth noting the activation of the "Central Asia +" formats, which, of course, is associated with socio-political modernization, economic liberalization, spiritual and cultural revival, and the comprehensive strengthening of cooperation in the region.
These processes were launched largely thanks to President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, who identified the issue of improving and deepening relations with neighbors as a priority of Uzbekistan’s foreign policy.
Under the leadership of Uzbekistan, the political climate in Central Asia has improved significantly, and a true spirit of good neighborliness and mutual trust has begun to take shape. Previous tensions have been lifted, and the process of regional integration and cooperation has entered a new phase.
Today, the parties are ready to use the existing potential and opportunities to improve the status of Central Asia as one of the most important trans-Eurasian transport hubs, intensify the development of the China-Central Asia transport corridor, and develop a strategy for the New Economic Dialogue.
China supports the development path of the Central Asian states, their efforts to protect national independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity, as well as their independent foreign and domestic policies. The PRC welcomes the dynamic processes of regional cooperation in Central Asia and highly appreciates the mechanism of the Consultative Meetings of the Heads of State of Central Asia as a key factor in ensuring security, stability, and sustainable development in the region, as well as the significant contribution of the Central Asian states to peace and development in the region and throughout the world.
Central Asian countries are successfully cooperating with China, including within the framework of the One Belt, One Road initiative. The Central Asian states highly appreciate China’s unique experience in public administration, economic development, and poverty reduction and are interested in developing comprehensive mutually beneficial cooperation.
In this context, the upcoming Uzbek-Chinese summit will be the starting point for interaction aimed at achieving sustainable development and progress in a vast region.